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[Oxfam] World Water Day 2008

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작성자 해원협 작성일08-04-01 11:38 조회891회 댓글0건

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World Water Day 2008

Image: Abraha Tarraken fills a container with water from a pond. Wargeba, Raya-Mehoni, Tigray, Ethiopia. Credit: Tomás Abella / Oxfam
Abraha Tarraken fills a container with water from a pond. Wargeba, Raya-Mehoni, Tigray, Ethiopia. Credit: Tomás Abella / Oxfam

Clean water is so essential to life that most of us simply take it for granted. But one in five of the world’s people lives without safe water and two in five lack even basic sanitation.


Ill-health from drinking dirty water is one of the most serious threats to human life.


When emergency strikes, Oxfam's internationally- acclaimed water and sanitation system helps prevent the spread of communicable diseases — the greatest killer in the first weeks after a disaster.


Killer facts




  • Two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered by water but only 2.5 percent is freshwater. The total usable freshwater supply for ecosystems and humans is less than 1 percent.




  • In the next 24 hours, diarrhea caused by unclean water and poor sanitation will claim the lives of 4,000 children.




  • The minimum estimated amount of safe water every individual needs to ensure their basic needs is 20 to 50 liters every day. The average person in the UK uses 135 liters of water every day.


Over time, we help communities:



  • Understand the root causes of the water problems they are facing and, if possible, protect themselves from dangers.

  • Network with other affected people so they can share coping strategies, join forces, and strengthen their abilities to bring about change.

  • Voice their concerns to governments, corporations, and individuals responsible for the development projects.

Without safe water and sanitation, it's much harder to escape the downward spiral of poverty and disease.

Often the solution to providing safe drinking water is not complicated — the engineering requires just some know-how, a few materials and a bit of hard work.


Read some stories of how Oxfam helps people address their water and sanitation needs.



Finding clean water in Ghana
Only 50 percent of the rural population in Ghana has access to water. The Oxfam Water for Survival program is working with WaterAid UK and local partner, Rural Aid on water and sanitation initiatives complemented by hygiene education activities.


Water supports peace-building in Papua New Guinea
The Highlands region is the poorest in Papua New Guinea. And while it has one of the highest annual rainfalls in the world, less than 10 percent of the population has access to safe drinking water. The Oxfam Water for Survival Program is working with local groups to build new water supplies and sanitary toilets and to deliver health education.